ASIAN-AFRICAN SUMMIT 2005 AND THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE GOLDEN JUBILEE OF THE ASIAN-AFRICAN CONFERENCE
(INDONESIA, 22-24 APRIL 2005) The world international order has changed. The challenges have moved to the problem of economic globalisation and the marginalization of the Asian African Countries, yet the spirit of Dasasila Bandung is still relevant as the base of the cooperation among nations in facing the situation. Indonesia as the host of the Asian-African Conference 1955, noticed that the Asian African strategic partnership is possible to be revitalized.
The Co-sponsor countries are Indonesia and South Africa. Participants from Asian continents are :
Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Fiji Island, India, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzs, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshal Island, Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Island, Sri Langka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor Leste, Tonga, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, United Emirates Arab, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen.
Participants from Africa Continents are :
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Bostwana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote D’Ivore, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guine, Eritrea, Ethiophia, Gabonese, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
It was started with a propose from the South African President, Thabo Mbeki (Head of the United Africa), in the occasion of the Asean Summit in the Phnom Penh, Cambodia (November 2002) to promote Asian African cooperation. Then, the idea was well accepted by President of the Republic of Indonesia, Megawati Soekarnoputri.
Both countries agreed to comprehend the Phnom Penh initiative. As the follow up, the Asian African Sub Regional Organization Conference/ AASROC was held as a medium to create the Asian African cooperation.
AASROC I in Bandung (29 – 30 July 2003) was attended by delegates from 36 countries and 22 sub regional and international organization. The meeting bore the Co Chair Statement which decided that Indonesia and South Africa as the host of the Asian-African Conference. The Asian and African Countries agreed in forming the Asian African Partnership Agency, which will become the toll for solving problems that become common interests.
On 24 March 2004, the Ministerial Working Group Meeting of the AASROC was held in Durban, South Africa. It was attended by delegates from 19 countries and 10 organizations from Asia and Africa. The Durban Meeting bore Co Chairs Progress Report. The report showed farther guideline and described a more specific explanation concerning the form and characteristic of the cooperation. The forming of the new agency that was named New Asian African Strategic Partnership (NAASP) was better prepared.
The culmination was in the Asian-African Summit in Jakarta (22 – 23 April 2005), which was opened by President of Republic of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, and the Anniversary of the Golden Jubilee of the Asian-African Conference in Bandung (24 April 2005). The conference was attended by delegates from 106 Asian and African Countries, 18 international organizations, and Secretary General of the United Nation (UN), Kofi Annan.
The participants noticed that since the 1955 conference, Asian African Countries have attained significant political advances that are the success in fighting colonialism and consistently combated racism.
The abolishment of apartheid did not make less the spirit of the cooperation of fighting against racism and all forms of discrimination. However, Asian and African Countries were still apprehensive since there was not any commensurate progress in social and economy. Some problems such as poverty, degradation, gender issue, epidemic, preferable market access and state loan, demanding a tighter collective cooperation in handling them.
The Leaders of Asia and Africa also have an idea in creating peace region of the Asia Africa and the whole part of the world in general where people can live in stability, prosperity, dignity, and free from the fear of violence, oppression and injustice.
The great ceremony of these two continents assembled “Nawasila” (nine principles) which are deliberated in the NAASP Declaration as the last conclusion of the Summit.
In the NAASP, the principles of the strategic partnership are completed by clearer, focussed, and measured mechanism of cooperation. Politically, NAASP built the bridge between Asia and Africa covered three main points of partnership, those are political solidarity, economic cooperation, and socio-cultural relationship. The strategic partnership was created as a momentum for gaining peace, prosperity, and development based on the nine principles or Nawasila.
Those nine principles are:
- The ten principles of Bandung of the 1955 Asian-African Conference;
- Recognition of diversity between and within regions, including different social and economic systems and levels of development;
- Commitment to open dialogue, based on mutual respect and benefit;
- Promotion of non-exclusive cooperation by involving all stakeholders;
- Attainment of practical and sustainable cooperation based on comparative advantage, equal partnership, common ownership and vision as well as a firm and shared conviction to address common challenges;
- Promotion of sustainable partnership by complementing and building upon existing regional/ sub regional initiatives in Asia and Africa;
- Promotion of a just, democratic, transparent, accountable and harmonious society;
- Promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development;
- Promotion of collective and unified efforts in multilateral fora.
In the opening speech of the Asian African Summit 2005, the President of Republic of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, stated:
“But now that Asia and Africa are free, we must take on the next phase, of battle for human dignity….
(and) our meeting here today is therefore, an inauguration of that new bridge across the Indian Ocean, that new bridge between the wonderful worlds of Asia and Africa…
Asia and Africa are also now home to important regional and sub regional organizations, as well as proliferation of bilateral and multilateral ties.”